Análisis del desempeño térmico de un invernadero por medio de simulación dinámica

Resumen

Se realizó el análisis de comportamiento térmico y energético de cuatro geometrías de un invernadero de investigación de 182 m2 por medio de simulación dinámica. Se llevó a cabo la evaluación del desempeño de diferentes materiales de cubierta en invernaderos con la misma superficie de cultivo. En países en vías de desarrollo, la selección de la forma, estructura y material de cubierta de un invernadero se elige basándose en la disponibilidad de materiales y la inversión inicial. El invernadero de estudio se localiza en un clima semi-árido frío, (BSk, clasificación Köppen); para determinar la forma y material de cubierta ideal. En los resultados se cuantifican los requerimientos esperados de climatización requeridos por los invernaderos. Finalmente se realizó un análisis económico para evaluar el costo operativo del invernadero a través de la vida útil del mismo.

https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2019.2333
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