Enmienda a corto plazo de un suelo agrícola con biosólidos: efectos sobre la mineralización de C-N y la actividad microbiana
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Medina-Herrera, M. del R., Negrete-Rodríguez, M. de la L. X., Prieto-Rojas, M. A., Bedolla-Rivera, H. I. ., & Barajas, E. C. (2022). Enmienda a corto plazo de un suelo agrícola con biosólidos: efectos sobre la mineralización de C-N y la actividad microbiana. Acta Universitaria, 32, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2022.2433

Resumen

La adición de biosólidos a suelos agrícolas puede ayudar a mejorar la calidad de dichos suelos mediante un mayor almacenamiento de C y N. Se realizó un estudio para analizar el impacto a corto plazo de la adición de biosólidos en la liberación de nutrientes y la actividad microbiana en el suelo. Se evaluó el C de la biomasa microbiana (MB-C), la actividad ureasa (UA) y la mineralización de N y C a diferentes dosis de aplicación de biosólidos (0 mg, 100 mg y 200 mg de N-NH4+ kg-1). Además, se probó un tratamiento solo con biosólidos. Se observó un aumento en la mineralización de C y N, volatilización de NH3 y contenido de MB-C, conforme a la tasa de aplicación. La UA aumentó en promedio 100% en los primeros siete días de incubación para los tratamientos de biosólidos. Estos resultados sugieren una mejora en el contenido de nutrientes y una estimulación positiva de la actividad microbiana.

https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2022.2433
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