El área de distribución de las especies: revisión del concepto
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Palabras clave

Geographic distribution concept
metapopulation lineage
geographic distribution implications
patterns
methods to approximation. Concepto área de distribución de las especies
linaje metapoblacional
implicaciones del área de distribución
patrones
métodos de aproximación.

Cómo citar

Maciel Mata, C. A., Manríquez Morán, N., Octavio Aguilar, P., & Sánchez Rojas, G. (2015). El área de distribución de las especies: revisión del concepto. Acta Universitaria, 25(2), 3–19. https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2015.690

Resumen

El área de distribución de las especies es un concepto importante en la biología, sin embargo, existen casos en los que no se ha interpretado adecuadamente. Se considera que utilizar un término unificado de especie puede ayudar a clarificar el concepto de área de distribución, pues se incorpora la idea de dimensión espacial al señalar que las especies son linajes metapoblacionales que evolucionan separadamente. El área de distribución se define como la fracción del espacio geográfico donde una especie está presente e interactúa de manera no efímera con el ecosistema. La presencia o ausencia de éstas en el espacio geográfico está definida por factores biogeográficos, fisiológicos, así como ecológicos. A pesar de ser un atributo difícil de estimar, se han descrito algunos patrones referentes a los tamaños, formas y límites del área de distribución. En la actualidad existen métodos que permiten hacer hipótesis espacialmente explícitas más certeras acerca del área de distribución de las especies.

https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2015.690
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