Combined chemical seed treatment and its influence on the growing of seedlings of sorghum, maize, soybean, and cotton

Abstract

The chemical seed treatment is an alternative method focused on the protection and health of crops, so it is considered as an efficient practice. The objective of the study was to evaluate, in seedling stage, the seed treatments: a) insecticide-fungicide, thiamentoxam, fludroxomil and metelaxil-M (Crusier-Maxx®); b) microelements, Fe (47%) and Zn (62%) (Wolf Trax DDP®); c) combination of a and b; and d) control. Treatments were applied in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor, Norteño), maize (Zea mays, H-440), soybean (Glycine max, Vernal), and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum, FM9250 Trans) under irrigated conditions; in dryland, sorghum and maize were applied with the same hybrids. Treatments showed no influence on emergence, plant density, chlorophyll, height and biomass of seedlings in the four crops or moisture condition. Soybean exhibited iron chlorosis and no effect was observed with Fe + Zn. In the conditions described, the chemical seed treatment was not effective.

https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2019.2026
HTML (Español (España))
PDF (Español (España))

References

Abati, J., Zucareli, C., Foloni, J.S., Henning, F.A., Brzezinski, C.R. & Henning, A.A. (2014). Treatment with fungicides and insecticides on the physiological quality and health oh wheat seeds. Journal of Seed Science, 36(4), 392-398. Doi: 10.1590/2317-1545v36n41006

Balardin, R.S., Silva, F.D.L., Debona, D., Corte, G.D., Favera, D.D. & Tormen, N.R. (2011). Tratamento de sementes com fungicidas e inseticidas como redutores dos efeitos do estresse hídrico em plantas de soja. Ciencia Rural, 41(7), 1120-1126. Doi: 10.1590/s0103-84782011000700002

Brzezinski, C.R., Assis, H.A., Abati, J., Henning, A.E., Barros, F.J., Krzyzanowski, F.C. & Zucareli, C. (2015). Seed treatment times in the establishment and yield performance of soybean crops. Journal of Seed Science, 37(2), 147-153. Doi: 10.1590/2317-1545v37n2148363

Campo Experimental Río Bravo (CERIB). 2012. Paquetes tecnológicos para la producción de cultivos del norte de Tamaulipas. Centro de Investigación Regional del Noreste, INIFAP. Río Bravo, Tam., México. 40 p.

Conceição, G.M., Barbieri, A.P.P., Lúcio, A.D., Martin, T.N., Mertz, L.M., Mattioni, N.M. & Lorentz, L.H. (2014). Desempenho de plântulas e produtividade de soja submetida a diferentes tratamentos químicos nas sementes. Biosciences Journal, 30(6), 1711-1720.

Carranco, A.J. (2011). Uso de micorriza (Glomus intraradices) en cultivos de sorgo y maíz. Programa Elaboración de Casos de Éxito de Innovación en el Sector Agroalimentario. México: Instituto de Cooperación para la Agricultura/Coordinadora Nacional de las Fundaciones Produce. 54 p.

Díaz, F.A., Loera, G.J., Rosales, R.E., Alvarado, C.M. & Ayvar, S.S. (2007). Producción y tecnología de okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) en el noreste de México. Agricultura Técnica en México, 33(3), 297-307.

Díaz, F.A. & Ortegón, M.A. (1998). Interacción del propiconazol foliar y captan-carboxin en la semilla sobre rabia, roya y rendimiento de grano de garbanzo. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología, 16(2), 84-89.

Fernández, V.R., Veitía, R.M. & Rodríguez, R. (2011). Compatibilidad entre nuevos plaguicidas sintéticos y el hongo micorrizógeno Glomus intraradices. Fitosanidad, 15(2), 99-105.

Farooq, M., Wahid, A. & Siddique, K.M. (2012). Micronutrient application through seed treatments: A review. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 12(1), 125-142. Doi: 10.4067/s0718-95162012000100011

Germida, J.J., Walley, F.L. & Hongyan, J. (2013). Suppressive effects of seed-applied fungicides on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) differ with fungicide mode of action and AMF species. Applied Soil Ecology, 72(4), 22-30. Doi: 10.1016/japsoil.2013.05.013

Goos, R.J. & Johnson, B. (2001). Seed treatment, seedling rate and cultivar effects on iron deficiency chlorosis of soybean. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 24(8), 1255-1268. Doi: 10.1081/pln-100106980

Kazemi, P.H., Ali, B.M., Pirdasht, H. & Shad, M.A. (2008). Effect of Zn rates and application forms on protein and some micronutrients accumulation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Journal of Biological Science, 11(7), 1042-1046. Doi: 103923/pjbs.2008.1042.1046

Magallanes, E.A., Díaz, F.A., Reyes, R.M., Rosales, R.E., Alvarado, C.M., Silva, S.M., Bustamante, D.A. & Cortinas, E.H. (2014). Tecnología de producción en soya (Glycine max) para el norte de Tamaulipas. Campo Experimental Río Bravo, INIFAP. Folleto Técnico No. 58. Río Bravo, Tam., México. 36 p.

Manuwar, M., Ikram, M. & Raza, M. (2013). Effect of seed priming with zinc, boron and manganese on seedling health in carrot. International Journal of Agricultural Crop Science, 22(5), 2697-2702. Doi: 10.2013/5-22/2697-2702

Mohsin, A.U., Ahmad, H., Farooq, M. & Ullah, S. (2014). Influence of zinc applications through seed treatment and foliar spray on growth productivity and grain quality of maize. Journal of Plant Science, 24(5), 1494-1503.

Ozores-Hampton, M. (2013). Effective strategies to correct iron deficiency in Florida vegetable crops. HortTechnology, 23(5), 548-552.

Rangel, M., Gil, F. & Montaño, J. (2011). Efecto del tratamiento de semilla con zinc y ácido giberélico en la emergencia y el crecimiento inicial de caña de azúcar. Agricultura Tropical, 61(3), 37-45.

Rushing, K.W. (1994). Chemical treatments for horticultural seed. HortTechnology, 4(4), 109-110.

Vosátka M., Látr A., Gianinazzi S. & Albrechtová J. (2013). Development of arbuscular mycorrhizal biotechnology and industry: current achievements and bottlenecks. Symbiosis, 58 (5), 29-37. Doi: 10.1007/s13199-012-0208-9

Xiang, W., Zhao, L., Xu, X., Qin, Y. & Yu, G. (2012). Mutual information flow between beneficial microorganims and the roots of host plants determined the bio-functions of biofertilizers. American Journal of Plant Science, 3(3), 1115-1120. Doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.38134