Zoonotic parasites in dog feces from Leon, Mexico

Abstract

Dogs are associated with at least 60 zoonotic diseases. Statistically, intestinal parasites stand out. The objective of this study is to evaluate the presence of zoonotic parasitic forms in dog feces collected from public parks and median strips in the city of Leon, México. Between June and August, 2015, dog feces were collected from 60 public parks and four median strips of the city. Samples were processed by the formalin-ether concentration technique and analyzed by optical microscopy. A total of 439 fecal samples from 64 areas were analyzed; the median of collected samples was 6 (Q1 to Q3: 2 to 12) per park. Contamination was present in 46 (71.88%) areas. It was identified that five (1.14%) areas tested positive for at least one parasite and one (0.23%) turned out positive for more than one parasite. The most common parasite was Ancylostoma spp, appearing in 3/439 samples (0.68%), among others. The rate of parks with fecal contamination was 71.88%, of which 10.87% showed parasitic contamination. Ancylostoma spp was the most prevalent parasite. Sanitary measures are needed to lower fecal contamination in public parks and the number of parasitized dogs.

https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2019.2113
HTML (Español (España))
PDF (Español (España))

References

Alvarado-Esquivel, C., Romero-Salas, D., Aguilar-Domínguez, M., Cruz-Romero, a, Ibarra-Priego, N., & Pérez-de-León, a Á. (2015). Epidemiological assessment of intestinal parasitic infections in dogs at animal shelter in Veracruz, Mexico. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 5(1), 34–39. http://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(15)30167-2

Farber, S., Diamond, L. K., Mercer, R. D., Sylvester, R. F., & Wolff, J. a. (1985). Pet-Associated illness. New England Journal of Medicine, 313(16).

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. (2010). México en cifras. Retrieved from http://www.beta.inegi.org.mx/app/areasgeograficas/?ag=11

Martínez-Barbabosa, I., Gutiérrez Cárdenas, E. M., Alpízar Sosa, E. A., & Pimienta Lastra, R. D. J. (2008). Parasitic contamination by dog feces collected from the streets of San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico. Veterinaria México, 39(2), 173–180. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=32507528〈=es&site=ehost-live

McHardy, I. H., Wu, M., Shimizu-Cohen, R., Roger Couturier, M., & Humphries, R. M. (2014). Detection of intestinal protozoa in the clinical laboratory. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 52(3), 712–720. http://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.02877-13

Méndez, B. J., Arreguín-nava, V., Aguilar-orozco, G., & Álvarez, J. A. (2012). Toxocariasis : evidencias de una enfermedad ignorada por los clínicos y los laboratorios, 64, 207–208. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000400.L

P.J., H., D.H., M., a., F., J., K., S.E., S., J.D., S., & L., S. (2007). Control of neglected tropical diseases. New England Journal of Medicine, 357(10), 1018–1027. http://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra064142

Ponce-Macotela, M., Peralta-Abarca, G. E., & Martínez-Gordillo, M. N. (2005). Giardia intestinalis and other zoonotic parasites: Prevalence in adult dogs from the southern part of Mexico City. Veterinary Parasitology, 131(1–2), 1–4. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2005.03.027

Rinaldi, L., Biggeri, A., Carbone, S., Musella, V., Catelan, D., Veneziano, V., & Cringoli, G. (2006). Canine faecal contamination and parasitic risk in the city of Naples (southern Italy). BMC Veterinary Research, 2, 29. http://doi.org/10.1186/1746-6148-2-29

Rodríguez-Vivas, R. I., Gutierrez-Ruiz, E., Bolio-González, M. E., Ruiz-Piña, H., Ortega-Pacheco, A., Reyes-Novelo, E., … Lugo-Perez, J. a. (2011). An epidemiological study of intestinal parasites of dogs from yucatan, Mexico, and their risk to public health. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases Larchmont NY, 11(8), 1141–1144. http://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2010.0232

Salazar Schettino, P. M. (2011). Diagnóstico Morfológico de las Parasitosis (3rd ed.). Ciudad de México: Editores, Méndez.

Sistema Meteorológico Nacional. (n.d.). Información Climatológica por Estado. Retrieved from http://smn.cna.gob.mx/es/informacion-climatologica-ver-estado?estado=gto

Sistema Meteorológico Nacional. (2015). Resúmenes Mensuales de Temperaturas y Lluvia. Retrieved from http://smn.cna.gob.mx/es/climatologia/temperaturas-y-lluvias/resumenes-mensuales-de-temperaturas-y-lluvias

Smith, A. F., Semeniuk, C. a D., Kutz, S. J., & Massolo, A. (2014). Dog-walking behaviours affect gastrointestinal parasitism in park-attending dogs. Parasites & Vectors, 7, 429. http://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-7-429

Thomson, R. B., Haas, R. A., & Thompson, J. H. (1984). Intestinal Parasites: The Necessity of Examining Multiple Stool Specimens. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 59(9), 641–642. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-6196(12)62418-5

Uga, S., Tanaka, K., & Iwamoto, N. (2010). Evaluation and modification of the formalin-ether sedimentation technique. Tropical Biomedicine, 27(2), 177–184.

Unidad Municipal de Acceso a la Información Pública. (2014). Solicitud de información folio SSI-2014-0783. Retrieved from https://es.scribd.com/doc/229029637/Sacrificio-Perros-Leon-Guanajuato#from_embed

Vélez-Hernández, L., Reyes-Barrera, K. L., Rojas-Almaráz, D., Calderón-Oropeza, M. A., Cruz-Vázquez, J. K., & Arcos-García, J. L. (2014). Riesgo potencial de parásitos zoonóticos presentes en heces caninas en Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca. Salud Publica de Mexico, 56(6), 625–630.

Yimer, M., Hailu, T., Mulu, W., & Abera, B. (2015). Evaluation performance of diagnostic methods of intestinal parasitosis in school age children in Ethiopia. BMC Research Notes, 8(1), 820. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1822-4