Alliances in technology based firms: analysis of the software industry in Jalisco

Abstract

Alliances are a strategy to access resources mainly based on specific knowledge, developed by the participants in the agreement. Through their use, companies have more key assets to compete and adapt to the conditions of dynamic environments. This paper addresses the analysis of the alliances established between technology-based companies in the software industry in Jalisco, as an example of technology-based activities in Mexico. From a sample of 116 companies in the industry, the established strategic alliances were identified aiming to observe the structure of the network that represents the situation of alliances of the industry. The capacity for innovation through the number of patents is also analyzed. The study allowed to verify that the software companies in Jalisco use alliance strategies to obtain resources; however, they are not contributing significantly to innovation.

https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2020.2216
PDF (Español (España))

References

Acosta , J. C., Longo-Somoza , M., & Fischer, A. (2013). Capacidades dinámicas y gestión del conocimiento en nuevas empresas de base tecnológica. Cuadernos de Administración, 26(47), 35–62.

Ahumada, E., & Perusquia, J. M. (2016). Inteligencia de negocios: Estrategia para el desarrollo de competitividad en empresas de base tecnológica. Contaduría y Administración, 61(1), 127–158. doi:10.1016/j.cya.2015.09.006

Alarcón, M. A., & Díaz, C. (2016). La empresa de base tecnológica y su contribución a la economía mexicana en el periodo 2004-2009. Contaduría y Administración, 61(1), 106–126. doi:10.1016/j.cya.2015.09.004

Aportela, I. M., & Gallego, C. (2015). La información como recurso estratégico en las empresas de base tecnológica. Revista General de Información y Documentación, 25(2), 265–285. doi:10.5209/rev_RGID.2015.v25.n2.51238

Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99-120.

Barney, J. B. (2001). Resource-based theories of competitive advantage: A ten-year retrospective on the resource-based view. Journal of Management, 27(6), 643-650.

Basulto, A. (2015). Iniciativa empresarial e integración a cadenas globales de valor. El caso de los proveedores locales de las multinacionales. Guadalajara, Jalisco, México: Universitaria.

Dierickx, I., & Cool, K. (1989). Asset stock accumulation and sustainability of competitive advantage. Management Science, 35(12), 1504-1511.

Fong, C. (2005). La teoría de recursos y capacidades. fundamentos microeconómicos. (1 ed.) Guadalajara Jal. Universidad de Guadalajara

Fong, C., & Alarcón, M. A. (2010). Funcionamiento de empresas de base tecnológica: Obtención de recursos estratégicos en las junturas críticas. Revista Internacional Administración y Finanzas, 3(3), 39–53.

Fong, C., Flores, K. E. , & Cardoza, L. M. (2017). La teoría de recursos y capacidades: Un análisis bibliométrico. Nova Scientia, 9(19), 411-440.

Gilsing, V., Cloodt, M., & Roijakkers, N. (2016). From Birth through Transition to Maturation: The Evolution of Technology Based Alliance Networks. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 33(2), 181–200.

Gómez-Selemeneva, D., Ortigueira-Sánchez, L. C., & Romero-Lamorú, I. (2014). Transferencia Tecnológica, de Conocimientos y Aprendizaje en las Alianzas Interorganizativas. Revista Internacional de Gestión del Conocimiento y la Tecnología, 2(3), 17–25.

IMPI. (10 de 11 de 2017). Sistema de Información de la Gaceta de la Propiedad Industrial. Obtenido de http://siga.impi.gob.mx/newSIGA/content/common/principal.jsf

INEGI. (2017). Directorio Estadístico Nacional de Unidades Económicas. Recuperado el 09 de 11 de 2017, de http://www.beta.inegi.org.mx/app/mapa/denue/

Johannessen, J.-A., Olaisen, J., & Olsen, B. (1999). Strategic use of information technology for increased innovation and performance. Information Management & Computer Security, 7(1), 5-22.

Leonard‐Barton, D. (1992). Core capabilities and core rigidities: A paradox in managing new product development. Strategic Management Journal, 13(S1), 111-125.

Nelson, R. R. (1991). Why do firms differ, and how does it matter? Strategic Management Journal, 12(S2), 61-74.

Parida, V., & Örtqvist, D. (2015). Interactive Effects of Network Capability, ICT Capability, and Financial Slack on Technology-Based Small Firm Innovation Performance. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(7), 278–298. doi:10.1111/jsbm.12191

Rifkin, J. (2007). Liderando la Tercera Revolución Industrial: La Nueva Agenda Energética de la Unión Europea para el Siglo XXI -La Próxima Etapa de la Integración Europea- en ectp.org http://www.ectp.org/documentation/Conference2007/JeremyRifkin-EnergyVisionPlanandThirdIndustrialRevolutionforEU-Spanish.pdf

Rumelt, R. P. (1984). 'Toward a strategic theory of the firm'. In R. Lamb (ed.), Competitive Strategic Management, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ,pp. 556-570

Segers, J.-P. (2015). The interplay between new technology based firms, strategic alliances and open innovation, within a regional systems of innovation context. The case of the biotechnology cluster in Belgium. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 5(15), 1–17. doi:10.1186/s40497-015-0034-7

Teece, D. J., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 509-533.

Teece, D., Peteraf, M., & Leih, S. (2016). Dynamic capabilities and organizational agility. California Management Review, 58(4), 13.

Wang, M.-C., & Chen, M.-H. (2016). The more, the better? The impact of closure collaboration network and network. R&D Management, 46, 174–192.