Somatotype and body image: their sensitivity, specificity and validity to determine obesity

Abstract

Se midió la sensibilidad y especificidad del somatotipo y de un cuestionario de imagen corporal para predecir obesidad. En un estudio transversal participaron 294 estudiantes universitarios del norte de México de ambos sexos (143 mujeres de 18 años a 35 años). Se midió el somatotipo por antropometría y se administró en cuatro ocasiones el cuestionario de imagen corporal de Gardner, adjuntando las siguientes preguntas: ¿Cómo me veo? ¿Cómo quisiera estar? ¿Cómo creo que me ven los demás? y ¿Cómo me ven los demás? El somatotipo y la imagen corporal predijeron de manera correcta entre el 90% y 95% de los casos con y sin obesidad; presentaron, además, ~86% de capacidad discriminante para determinar obesidad. La endomorfia, la ectomorfia y el ¿Cómo me ven los demás? presentaron la más alta sensibilidad y especificidad (~90%). Concluimos que el somatotipo y el cuestionario de imagen corporal son dos instrumentos válidos, sensibles y específicos para conocer el grado de obesidad.

https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2019.2004
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